By Ken Post
This examine argues that the Europe that's now being united was once initially the manufactured from the French Revolution, 1789-95, after which shaped by means of the emergent commercial capitalism. Given the prediction and worry that the recent operating category might release one other revolution which might unfold, the writer investigates why that didn't in reality turn out to be the case. quite, the hot operating periods have been integrated as a part of the dynamics of capitalist improvement.
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Extra resources for Revolution and the European Experience, 1789–1914
The opponents of wealth and power in fact continued to question anything and everything. Even God was not immune; in 1841 Ludwig Feuerbach (1804–72) published his Essence of Christianity, which created shockwaves among theologians and other believers throughout Europe by arguing that the deity was a creation of human thought, not the other way around. Confining further examples to the very fundamental spheres of patriarchy and racial prejudice, we find, in the case of the former, that androgyny was declared by some to be the future liberating condition, while Flora Tristan argued that the Trinity in the new socialist age would be Father, Mother and Embryo.
A real State and a real Government arise only after a distinction of classes has arisen, when wealth and poverty become extreme, and when such a condition of things presents itself that a large portion of the people can no longer satisfy its necessities in the way in which it has been accustomed so to do. Faced by the possibility of divergent group and individual interests, therefore, Hegel asserted that ‘Objective Freedom – the laws of real Freedom – demand the subjugation of the mere contingent Will’.
British entrepreneurs had been the pioneers in dispossessing the peasantry and turning them into rural or urban wage labourers, but the upheaval of 1789 and its effects in many parts of Europe included the abolition of old feudal relations and a commercialization of land, the labour power working it, and its products. In a German encyclopaedia of 1773 agriculture could be dealt with without even using the word ‘labourer’, but by 1849 some two million such were to be found in Prussia (counting the landless and seasonally employed).
Revolution and the European Experience, 1789–1914 by Ken Post