By Guy Debord
Cette correspondance, riche d'enseignements sur l. a. personnalité et le rôle actif que joua man Debord, éclaire par des faits réels los angeles compréhension du mouvement révolutionnaire le plus radical et le plus exemplaire du XXe siècle. Ce tome 2 couvre une période qui va de septembre 1960 à décembre 1964. Elle correspond aux premières années de l'Internationale Situationniste. Le processus de los angeles rupture, qui a caractérisé le mouvement situationniste, se poursuit et se précise.
On retrouve dans ces lettres, los angeles clarté et l. a. rigueur de celui qui, n'usant que de l'arme qu'il s'est donnée a, jusqu'au bout, défendu ses idées contre toutes les formes de compromission spectaculaire. man Debord, penseur révolutionnaire le plus very important de l. a. deuxième moitié du XXe siècle, est le fondateur de l'Internationale Situationniste et l'auteur notamment de l. a. Société du spectacle, Panégyrique, los angeles véritable scission.
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Additional info for Correspondance: Septembre 1960-Décembre 1964 (Volume 2)
Dr Charles J Margerison - The Amazing People Club 44 Amazing People of Paris Napoleon Bonaparte 1769 – 1821 When I arrived in Paris, the terror was in full swing Many citizens were losing their heads under the guillotine There was blood on the streets of the capital The back-stabbing was worse than in my native Corsica! As an army officer, I was trained to fight a foreign enemy The revolution had become a civil war The nation was being torn apart In 1795, I was asked to defend the National Assembly Barras, the leader, promoted me to become General de Division Royalist factions attacked and we killed about 300 of them After that I was fighting battles elsewhere © Dr Charles J Margerison - The Amazing People Club 45 Amazing People of Paris Army service took me to Italy, Malta and Egypt until 1799 During that time, The Directorate of five ruled On returning, I realized Paris and the country needed strong leadership On November 9th 1799, my troops removed the Directorate On becoming First Consul, I was able to make changes Those benefited both Paris and the rest of the country New roads and the transport of goods improved the markets The Bank of France was established to help the economy Education and the legal system were improved The Code Napoleon gave a base for liberté, egalité and fraternité Success in a number of wars followed under my leadership Gold and treasure that I gained was returned to Paris At Notre Dame Cathedral in 1804, I became the French Emperor The Pope came to our capital city for the occasion Other important guests were received at my Tuileries Palace Architects were asked to put forward new plans for the city A Temple to the Glory of a Great Army was built Église de Madeleine Plus the Palais de la Bourse, and Les Halles To make the city a great one, I built many streets Rue de Rivoli was named after one of my famous victories Considerable sums were spent on improving the Louvre and the Tuileries Also, at Place Vendome in 1806, I arranged for a 148 foot column My statue was put on top showing me dressed as an Emperor Other major projects celebrated our great successes The Arc de Triomphe was built to celebrate our magnificent victories.
Dr Charles J Margerison - The Amazing People Club 56 Amazing People of Paris Claude Monet 1840 – 1926 Being born in Paris, I had a strong feeling for the city Throughout my life I was drawn to its sights and sounds Yet, many of my paintings reflected the countryside around Indeed, from the age of five, I lived in Normandy There, I met Eugene Boudin who taught me techniques of painting But, when I was 17 my mother died and I returned to Paris Visiting the Louvre helped me forget the sadness of her loss The paintings were inspiring and I resolved to be an artist However, military service in Africa meant that had to wait For two years, I served as a soldier but then contracted typhoid In 1862, I left the armed forces and went to art school It was a major change in culture and lifestyle But not for long, as the sound of war drew near The Prussians, under Bismarck, invaded Paris Making a hasty escape, I went to live in England My paintings were not appreciated there The Royal Academy refused to include them in an exhibition Camille Doncieux however appreciated me, and we married in 1870 Once the war was over, we returned to live in Paris The city was in turmoil with the revolution of the Paris Commune The poor people took to the streets They were suffering from hunger, disease and poverty In May 1871, they fought French troops on the barricades The Tuileries Palace was burnt to the ground The mob took over and burnt the Hotel de Ville and Palais de Justice The Ministry of Finance and the police headquarters were destroyed The troops eventually regained control More destruction followed as 147 Communards were shot They were buried at Père Lachaise Cemetery Hundreds more were buried in ditches nearby In all about 30,000 were killed and 35,000 arrested The violence was horrifying to see I needed a place of quiet to paint The suburb of Argeneuil was still very rural © Dr Charles J Margerison - The Amazing People Club 57 Amazing People of Paris Yet, all around there were changes in the city The new boulevards created by Haussmann were full of people Nearby, new factories gave work to many at low rates of pay My paintings gave an impression of life in France In truth, they may have been my way of escaping the reality For most, life was a continual struggle.
Dr Charles J Margerison - The Amazing People Club 41 Amazing People of Paris Joseph Montgolfier 1740 – 1810 ‘I would like to fly over the city of Paris,’ I said In 1777, the idea of how to do it arrived I was 37 years of age at the time Few gave credence to my wild theory When drying laundry over a fire, I noticed the cloth moved Could hot air make a heavier-than-air object rise from the ground? If one could fly, there would be many advantages For example, in a battle, to find out where the enemy would attack Also, we could speed up communications and travel These thoughts I shared with my brother, Jacques-Etienne We developed the idea of a big balloon and created gas to inflate it A box-like structure of about one square metre was established Once filled with the gas, it started to rise from the ground As we were indoors, the machine hit the ceiling To hold a person, the balloon needed to be three times as large More tests and trials were required © Dr Charles J Margerison - The Amazing People Club 42 Amazing People of Paris Then on 14th December 1782, our first aviation balloon was ready Amazingly, it floated nearly two kilometres Jean-Baptiste Reveillon, a wallpaper entrepreneur, backed us On June 4th 1783, a demonstration was given The flight lasted ten minutes without anyone being on board It reached an altitude of about 2000 metres and flew two kilometres Word of the success travelled faster than the balloon A new version was flown on September 11th 1783 It started in Reveillon’s garden at Le Folie Titon The balloon looked rather grand with signs of the zodiac on it Animals were put on board to test their reaction The King had proposed two criminals be sent aloft That was too great an honour for villains in our view A week later, a flight at the Royal Palace, Versailles, took place King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette were present The balloon travelled about two miles in eight minutes © Dr Charles J Margerison - The Amazing People Club 43 Amazing People of Paris On October 15th we launched the first person into the air It was a tethered flight with Jean Francois Pilatre de Rozier aboard He was the world’s first pilot On October 17th and 19th we had two people on board Messieurs Villette and de Rozier were the world’s first paying passengers By November 21st we were able to fly without restriction Marquis d’Arlandes and Pilatre de Rozier flew above Paris They reached 3000 feet and kept going for 25 minutes Parisians were amazed to see a balloon sailing across the sky However, a fire started onboard and excitement turned to anxiety Therefore, they quickly looked for somewhere to land It was the start of aviation The Académie des Sciences recognized our achievements Unfortunately, our main work was interrupted by the French Revolution In 1789, the streets of Paris were dangerous places Survival on the ground was more important than in the air Despite this, we had set the stage for human flight In doing so, we changed people’s perception of travel Introducing new dimensions to military combat Yet, on the ground battles continued Napoleon marched across Europe with his troops People lived in fear of gunfire People were keeping their heads down, rather than reaching for the stars.
Correspondance: Septembre 1960-Décembre 1964 (Volume 2) by Guy Debord