By Dionysios-Dimitrios Koutsouris, Athina A. Lazakidou
Concepts and tendencies in Healthcare details platforms covers the newest study subject matters within the box from prime researchers and practitioners. This ebook deals theory-driven examine that explores the position of data platforms within the supply of healthcare in its assorted organizational and regulatory settings. as well as the embedded function of data expertise (IT) in medical and diagnostics apparatus, info platforms are uniquely situated to catch, shop, strategy, and converse well timed info to choice makers for greater coordination of healthcare at either the person and inhabitants degrees. for instance, info mining and choice help functions can establish capability opposed occasions for somebody sufferer whereas additionally contributing to the population’s well-being by way of offering insights into the explanations of sickness problems. info platforms have nice power to lessen healthcare bills and increase results. The healthcare supply platforms proportion comparable features with so much carrier and efficient companies, but in addition convey particular features, that are relating to the complexity and variety of healthcare creation, together with the assorted methods healthcare execs discharge their medical projects. New specifications and technological advances happening in healthcare, info structures, and knowledge know-how have stimulated the evolving position of healthcare info structures and comparable expertise, and this ebook can help convey the sector as much as date.
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Extra info for Concepts and Trends in Healthcare Information Systems
Lack of models and standards, which could guide the expression and specification of eligibility criteria, leads to a series of problems which affect study outcomes, costs and research potential. Hence, great variability in the criteria across trials is met, whereas researchers often face difficulty in evaluating, comparing or replicating studies. Moreover, important aspects are ignored or underestimated, such as lifestyle, while there is a tendency towards strict criteria which restrict the study population and this way limit way the pool of available patients eligible to participate in the trial (and thus the recruitment potential) as well as the generalizability potential of the study results (affecting this way the market size to which the investigational treatment targets at).
2004). The clinical experimentation stage on human subjects is the last one in the chain of drug research and development, prior to approval by the regulatory authorities and marketing authorization granting. Because they involve humans, clinical trials pose scientific as well as legal and ethical challenges. Today, the clinical development stage is comprised of 3 phases. Phase I, in which a relatively small number of healthy volunteers or patients are enrolled (usually 30–70). The aim is to examine the pharmacokinetics, the bio-distribution and the clearance of the drug under investigation, and to determine the safe dosing scheme.
46 M. Poulymenopoulou et al. In security literature different methods have been proposed for access control. g. doctors, nurses, pharmacists, family members, services, systems, devices) are many and unknown in advance, and hence there is no standard role definition (Calvillo et al. 2013; Ciuciu et al. 2011). On the contrary, the ABAC model gives greater flexibility in open systems but is more complex due to the large numbers of rules that needed to be checked for access decisions and the management of privileges, user permissions, and permission review for a specific user suffer from poor performance as large sets of rules must be executed (Mohan et al.
Concepts and Trends in Healthcare Information Systems by Dionysios-Dimitrios Koutsouris, Athina A. Lazakidou