By Robert Gildea
Nineteenth-century France was once one of many world's nice cultural beacons, well known for its awesome literature, philosophy, paintings, poetry and know-how. but this was once additionally a tumultuous century of political anarchy and bloodshed, the place every one new release of the French Revolution's 'children' may adventure their very own wars, revolutions and terrors.
From infantrymen to clergymen, from peasants to Communards, from feminists to literary figures reminiscent of Victor Hugo and Honoré de Balzac, Robert Gildea's amazing new historical past explores each element of those speedily altering occasions, and the folk who lived via them.
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Extra info for Children of the Revolution: The French, 1799-1914
15 What I find strange about such accounts is the fact that they do not attempt to make any sense of Bentham’s massive commitment to Panopticon in terms of Bentham’s aspirations, nor do they connect it in any way to his utilitarianism. Panopticon hangs in the air as a strange and inexplicable diversion from a life of study. It ‘was a digression from the consideration and composition of ideas’ or an ‘unproductive interlude’. As David Lieberman wrote, ‘what has remained [a] perplexing aspect of the venture is explaining Bentham’s enthusiasm for becoming a prison manager in the first place.
101 What has not been properly examined is the nature of the connection between Bentham the utilitarian and Bentham the projector of Panopticon. And yet, given the demonstrable importance of Panopticon in Bentham’s life, the explanation of the connection between utilitarianism and the Panopticon is arguably the most important and most fundamental issue in Bentham studies. The application of utilitarian principles in law reform and in the Panopticon project were surely the two major themes in Bentham’s life.
Of the extended Law of Escheat, according to the degree of extension here proposed, the effect would be, the appropriating to the use of the public all vacant successions, property of every denomination included, on the failure of near relatives; will or no will, subject only to the power of Utilitarianism and Panopticism: The Umbilical Cord 37 bequest as hereinafter limited. 150 Bentham regarded this as a painless way of providing funds for the government on the grounds that where someone died intestate without immediate heirs, there was no expectation on the part of anyone of inheriting, and therefore there would be no disappointment of expectations or threat to people’s security.
Children of the Revolution: The French, 1799-1914 by Robert Gildea