By Murat Beyzadeoglu
Basic Radiation Oncology is an all-in-one publication, encompassing the basic points of radiation physics, radiobiology, and scientific radiation oncology. an entire part is dedicated to every of those fields. within the first sections, strategies which are the most important in radiation physics and radiobiology are reviewed intensive. The 3rd part describes radiation therapy regimens applicable for the most melanoma websites and tumor forms. The booklet has been designed to make sure that the reader will locate it effortless to take advantage of. Many "pearl packing containers" are used to summarize the main info, and there are greater than 350 important illustrations, nearly all of them in colour. moreover, key reviews are integrated on the finish of every medical bankruptcy. simple Radiation Oncology will meet the necessity for a pragmatic, up to date, bedside-oriented radiation oncology booklet. it will likely be tremendous valuable for citizens, fellows, and clinicians within the fields of radiation, scientific, and surgical oncology, in addition to for scientific scholars, physicians, and clinical physicists with an curiosity in scientific oncology.
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The cobalt source (orange) is situated in a drawer, and surrounded by lead (1). When the device is in the resting position, the source is protected by layers of enriched uranium. The source is then pushed by a pneumatic system (4) to the treatment position. 2, The collimator system; 3, manual system that can pull the source to the resting position in case of emergency; 5, link between the head and the rotating part of the machine that is used to change the source when its activity is no longer sufficient for treatment Gantry The source–isocenter distance (SAD) is 80–100 cm.
This defines the amount of energy absorbed from a radiation beam per unit mass of absorbent material. It is measured in grays (Gy), although an older unit, the rad, is also still used. Rad. This is the amount of radiation that causes one erg (of energy) to be absorbed per gram of irradiated material (rad = radiation absorbed dose). 1 rad = 100 erg/g. Gray (Gy). This is the amount of radiation amount that cause one joule to be absorbed per kilogram of irradiated material. 1 Gy = 1 J/kg. 1 Gy = 100 cGy = 100 Rad.
Most of the energy of the X-rays produced can be explained by the X-ray energy spectrum. Unfiltered low-energy X-rays can easily be absorbed by superficial tissues in the human body, and so excessive dose accumulation can occur in these areas, and causing serious dermal reactions during the treatment of deeply seated tumors. 4). 6 Specific Features of Electron Energies Electrons with energies of 2–10 MeV are low-energy electrons, whereas electrons with energies of 10–42 MeV are high-energy electrons.
Basic Radiation Oncology by Murat Beyzadeoglu