By Timo Nisula
Augustine s rules of sinful wish, together with its sexual manifestations, have fueled controversies for hundreds of years. In "Augustine and the capabilities of Concupiscence," Timo Nisula analyses Augustine s personal theological and philosophical issues in his huge writings approximately evil hope ("concupiscentia, cupiditas, libido"). starting with a terminological survey of the vocabulary of wish, the publication demonstrates how the concept that of evil hope used to be tightly associated with Augustine s primary theological perspectives of divine justice, the foundation of evil, Christian virtues and style. This publication deals a entire account of Augustine s constructing perspectives of concupiscence and offers an leading edge, in-depth photo of the theological mind's eye in the back of disputed principles of intercourse, temptation and ethical accountability.
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Extra resources for Augustine and the Functions of Concupiscence
1, 7, 2. 20 Tac. Agr. 15, 2. 21 Tac. Germ. 18, 1. 22 Some remarks on omissions could be made as well. Sallust only uses cupiditas three times and concupisco twice. By contrast, Caesar never uses libido, though he uses cupiditas alongside with constructions with cupidus, nor does he use concupisco. 27 Compared to the nouns cupiditas and libido, the verb concupisco is quite rare in the historical writings of the Late Republic and the Early Empire. 28 In both instances, the object of the action refers to economics, and the word appears in a pejorative context.
Her. (2, 2, 3) as motives for a crime. This categorisation is similar to Cicero’s. 34 Tusc. 3, 11, 24 nam duae sunt ex opinione boni; quarum altera, voluptas gestiens, id est praeter modum elata laetitia, opinione praesentis magni alicuius boni, altera, cupiditas, quae recte vel libido dici potest, quae est inmoderata adpetitio opinati magni boni rationi non obtemperans,—ergo haec duo genera, voluptas gestiens et libido, bonorum opinione turbantur, ut duo reliqua, metus et aegritudo, malorum. See also Tusc.
The language of desire 17 6. Cupiditas is, despite its occurrence in a few biblical passages, a classical Latin word that carries various meanings. It is more general than the sexually restricted libido (correcting (2) above). 7. The connection of cupiditas to the Stoic tetrachord of emotions is stressed as well as its opposition to Christian love. 8. In spite of (6), cupiditas can also have sexual connotations. The arguments show that the three words of desire are interrelated in a complicated way within Augustine’s own texts, and within the previous history of Latin literature and language.
Augustine and the Functions of Concupiscence by Timo Nisula