Aquinas's Ethics: Metaphysical Foundations, Moral Theory, by Rebecca Konyndyk DeYoung PDF

By Rebecca Konyndyk DeYoung

ISBN-10: 0268026017

ISBN-13: 9780268026011

The objective of Aquinas's Ethics is to put Thomas Aquinas's ethical thought in its complete philosophical and theological context and to take action in a fashion that makes Aquinas (1224/5-1274) conveniently obtainable to scholars and basic readers, together with these encountering Aquinas for the 1st time. Rebecca Konyndyk DeYoung, Colleen McCluskey, and Christina Van Dyke commence through explaining Aquinas's theories of the human individual and human motion, considering those flooring his ethical conception. of their interpretation, Aquinas's theological commitments crucially form his account of the human individual, human capacities for motion, and human flourishing. The authors improve a entire photo of Aquinas's inspiration, that is designed to aid scholars know how his suggestion of happiness and the nice existence are a part of a coherent, theologically-informed worldview.

Many stories of Aquinas clearly specialize in convinced parts of his suggestion and have a tendency to imagine a normal wisdom of the total. Aquinas's Ethicstakes the other strategy: it deliberately hyperlinks his metaphysics and anthropology to his motion concept and ethics to light up how the ethical conception is outfitted on foundations laid in other places. The authors emphasize the combination of options of advantage, traditional legislations, and divine grace inside of Aquinas's ethics, instead of treating such issues in isolation or competition. Their method, offered in transparent and intentionally non-specialist language, unearths the coherent nature of Aquinas's account of the ethical existence and of what fulfills us as people. the result's a wealthy and fascinating framework for extra research of Aquinas's concept and its applications.

"Aquinas’s Ethicsis an ideal advent to 1 of the main subtle and influential moral platforms in Western concept. DeYoung, McCluskey, and Van Dyke trap the bright readability of Aquinas’s ethical imaginative and prescient, supplying an illuminating viewpoint actual to either the theoretical intensity and useful richness of Aquinas’s writings. these new to Aquinas’s rules will locate this booklet eminently readable. Everyone—students and students alike—will savour its direct, exact voice and transparent philosophical intelligence." —Scott MacDonald, Norma okay. Regan Professor in Christian stories, Cornell University

"Aquinas's Ethicsis a superb contribution to the literature on Aquinas and ethics, supplying an built-in and powerful account of the connection among a metaphysics of human nature, ordinary legislations conception, and advantage thought. exhibiting those inextricable connections, it's very very similar to the paintings of St. Thomas himself, and indicates why such a lot of lesser theories of ethics are unsatisfying for his or her loss of intensity and entire reach." —John Kavanaugh, S.J., Saint Louis University
“DeYoung, McCluskey, and Van Dyke have written the suitable creation to Aquinas’s ethics, situating it within the broader context of his considering human nature and action. Although Aquinas cared extra about—and wrote extra about—ethics than approximately the other philosophical subject, it continues to be the main unjustly missed point of his suggestion. i do know of no greater advisor to that territory than this book.” —Robert Pasnau, college of Colorado at Boulder

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Extra info for Aquinas's Ethics: Metaphysical Foundations, Moral Theory, and Theological Context

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This difference can be made clear with a familiar example in which will and sensory appetite come into conflict. Suppose we have had two chocolate chip cookies, and we are already comfortably full. On the level of sense appetite, we want another one; it smells delicious, and we know it will taste good. On the level of the will, however, we do not want it; we are trying to stay fit, and we know-even before experiencing the sensation-that another cookie will leave us uncomfortably full. We exercise our will, then, in choosing not to eat another cookie; out rational appetite is directed toward what the intellect presents to it as good (namely, promoting our well-being) instead of what simply appeals to our senses.

Aquinas thinks that the will's moving the appropriate limbs of the body in response to the direction of the intellect produces Leslie's externally observable 'action (or in this case,a sequence of her actions). Thus, the pivotal part of the whole process for Aquinas is choice. Choice determines the action that will take place and initiates the final cascade of events that culminate in the performance of the action. "52 Once we perform a particular action and achieve a particular end, we enjoy and delight in our achievement.

Things lack goodness insofar as they fail to actualize the natural capacities that follow from their essences; moral evil results when human beings fail to actualize fully their capacities of intellect and will. To see this, it helps to return briefly to the four capacities that human beings share with other animals-the vegetative, sensory, sensory appetitive, Human Capacities and the Image of God 65 and locomotive powers-and to look at the consequences of failing to actualize them well. We can fail to actualize our vegetative powers if we are unable to take in nutrition, grow, and reproduce successfully.

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Aquinas's Ethics: Metaphysical Foundations, Moral Theory, and Theological Context by Rebecca Konyndyk DeYoung

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