By David Potter
A survey of French background from the reign of Louis XI to the outbreak of the Wars of faith that isolates the various arguable theories of the interval: nation construction, the Aristocracy and clientage and the Reformation and discusses them with complete realization to the nearby range of France. It additionally introduces the reader to contemporary learn at the court docket and executive set within the context of the fundamental social and financial activities of the interval. it truly is argued that the fundamental id of France as a state was once strengthened below the aegis of monarchical legitimacy sponsored through the the Aristocracy and the church, surroundings the development for the remainder of the Ancien Regime.
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Additional resources for A History of France, 1460–1560: The Emergence of a Nation State
98 However, this was still an expensive luxury to be used by special envoys and ambassadors only. Bernard Guenee has to some extent refined Fawtier's original view by pointing out the increasingly sharp awareness of physical space in twelfth- and thirteenth-century Europe. Whether Charles V's portolan, drawn up by Abraham Cresques to illustrate his reconquests from the English, can be classified as a truly geographical enterprise, as Philippe Contamine implies, is open to question. 99 28 A HISTORY OF FRANCE, 1460-1560 However, an ability to visualise the territory of France was not a new phenomenon but rather one built up gradually by the accumulation of a 'geographical consciousness' throughout the late Middle Ages, whether it produced maps or not.
30 J. L. Bourgeon has recently drawn attention to what he calls the continuing guerrilla war between the Parlement of Paris and the crown during the sixteenth century, one indeed that was not settled by Francis I's authoritarian pronouncements in 1527. The opposition of the Parlement to the policies of the first ten years of Francis I was generated primarily by the determination of the magistrates, who were in essence the king's councillors, to retain their role at the centre of the judicial system, not by any desire to impose 'bridles' on the crown.
9 By the fifteenth century, the king was also 'seigneur souverain' and in this sense the notion of sovereignty had already been worked out by the glossa tors of the thirteenth century. An ordonnance of 1304 had referred to the 'plenitude de la puissance royale'. It was during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries that the concept of sovereignty was disseminated in the course of speculation about the king's legislative powers and how far the power to initiate legislation extended beyond that of the purely positive law.
A History of France, 1460–1560: The Emergence of a Nation State by David Potter